Post-War Years (1946-1951)
The end of the war brought new challenges for the Justice Society. Post-War America experienced a boom in technological advances due, in part, to the war effort. As a result of this, criminals began to gain access to much greater technology in weapons generation and in biologic modification. These events led to the birth a new kind of criminal, the super-villain. Furthermore, the criminal element followed the example of the Justice Society and began to organize itself, notably as the Injustice Society of the World. In 1946, The Justice Society encountered bizarre menaces such as the "Paintings that Walked the Earth" (All-Star Comics #28) and Zor, an Energy-being from outer space
(All-Star Comics #29). They also encountered two traditional adversaries when they were captured by Brain Wave that summer (All-Star Comics #30) and again confronted the Psycho-Pirate that winter (All-Star Comics #32). In early 1947, the swamp monster Solomon Grundy, long an adversary of Green Lantern, escaped his emerald prison and launched a campaign to kill Green Lantern and his JSA associates. Grundy was ultimately defeated and, on the suggestion of Johnny Thunder,
imprisoned on the moon (All-Star Comics #33). Later that year, the JSA defeated a criminal magician known as the Wizard, who had become convinced that the JSA was a set of super-criminals and he intended to eliminate them as "competition". The Wizard was ultimately defeated and faked his own death to avoid capture (All-Star Comics #34).
In the late 1940's, the JSA had several run-ins with one of the most important set of adversaries, the Injustice Society of the World. The first incarnation consisted of Brain Wave (a traditional JSA foe), the Thinker (Flash), Vandal Savage (Green Lantern), the Gambler (Green Lantern), the Wizard (JSA) and Per Degaton (JSA). This group attempted to seize control of the United States by replacing key figures in American politics and business with android doubles. In the process they liberated several dozen convicts to serve as their operatives and also
| attempted to eliminate
the Justice Society, whom they viewed as the key obstacle in their current
and future endeavors (All-Star Comics #37). The group was ultimately defeated
but re-grouped under the Wizard several months later. New members include
the Huntress (a foe of Wildcat), the Sportsmaster (Green Lantern), the
Fiddler (the Flash), the Icicle (Green Lantern) and the Harlequin (Green
Lantern). The second incarnation of the Injustice Society managed to capture
the JSA but was defeated internally when the Harlequin betrayed them and
she and the Black Canary freed the captured heroes. The Black Canary, who
had assisted the JSA previously (All-Star Comics #38), was invited to full
membership in the JSA after this case (All-Star Comics #41). Around 1950,
the JSA again encountered Vandal Savage when he and Solomon Grundy captured
and severely injured Ted Knight, the secret identity of Starman. Savage
used the power grid
being developed to accommodate early television networks and the cosmic energy from Starman's cosmic rod to generate fantastic beings to commit brazen crimes. After several confrontations with individual members, the JSA located Savage and tracked him to New Mexico. Starman, initially demoralized by his capture and subjugation by Savage, regained control of the cosmic rod and with his fellow members, defeated Savage and Grundy (Justice Society LS #1-8). As the decade turned, the JSA began to explore new and more fantastic frontiers including time travel (All-Star Comics #56) and strange alien races (All-Star Comics #49 and #51). They also confronted more pedestrian threats in the form of the criminal Mr. Alpha (All-Star Comics #50) and a pair of identical twins running a criminal circus operation (All-Star Comics #54).
Late in 1951, the Justice Society was targeted by Eliminations, Inc, an agency in the employ of several prominent figures in organized crime. Lured by the promise of lavish gifts from a group of grateful citizens, the JSA was trapped in an orbital satellite with extremely advanced technology. Upon breaking free, they tracked their captor and his employers, arresting all of them. When the authorities recognized their captor, it caused repercussions to the highest level of government. The JSA was summoned before the House Committee on Un-American Affairs and questioned on their knowledge of and relation to the very man who captured them. The man was apparently an agent of unspecified foreign power and his resources with which he had obtained the satellite were unknown. The true origins of the man have never been revealed. Nonetheless, in the days of McCarthyism, nothing was sacred and the Justice Society was implied as having ties to foreign agencies with interests contrary to those of the United States. Accordingly, the Committee requested that the active JSA members surrender the knowledge of their true identities and submit to interrogation in order to maintain their status as legitimate legal organization. Shocked and incredulous, the JSA refused and, with a dramatic flash of Green Lantern's power ring, disappeared (Adventure Comics #466).With the exception of Superman, Batman and Wonder Woman, all abandoned their costumed identities. This event marked the official end of the Golden Age of the Justice Society.
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